Skip to main content


HIST 3150 History of Africa to 1800: Home

Information Resources for the study of Ancient History, Societies and Cultures of Africa

Article databases

African resources on the Web


JStor includes historical sources.. For example currently in JStor American Naturalist is available from 1867-2015, American Scholar runs 1932-2011 and American Sociologist 1965-2013.  Some JStor journals date to the 19th century, many started in the early 20th. 

Library catalogs for books

Map of Kingdoms of Africa 1000 BC thru 1450 AD

Streaming media from Films on Demand (found searching GIL Find) on Timbuktu

Research tip: Looking for primary sources? Find secondary sources on the topic written/created by historians, these will describe primary sources.


Getting Started

Iron Age to End of the Eighteenth Century: Central and Southern Africa
Angola, Eighteenth Century
Cape Colony: Khoi-Dutch Wars
Cape Colony: Origins, Settlement, Trade
Cape Colony: Slavery
Great Zimbabwe: Colonial Historiography
Great Zimbabwe: Origins and Rise
Ingombe Ilede
Iron Age (Later): Central Africa
Iron Age (Later): Central Africa: Luangwa Tradition
Iron Age (Later): Central Africa: Peoples, Forest
Iron Age (Later): Central Africa: Upemba Basin
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Characteristics and Origins, South of Zambezi
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Ethnicity, Language, Identity
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Highveld, Emergence of States on
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Leopard's Kopje, Bambandyanalo and Mapungubwe
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Peoples
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Southeastern Lowveld, Emergence of States on
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Toutswemogala, Cattle, and Political Power
Kasai and Kuba: Chiefdoms and Kingdom
Kazembe's Eastern Lunda
Kongo Kingdom, 1543-1568
Kongo Kingdom: Afonso I, Christianity and Kingship
Kongo Kingdom: Jaga Invasion to 1665
Kongo Kingdom: Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Kongo, Teke (Tio) and Loango: History to 1483
Loango: Slave Trade
Luba: Origins and Growth
Luba: Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Lunda: Kingdoms, Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Lunda: Mwaant Yaav (Mwata Yamvo) and Origins
Lunda: Titles
Manyika of Eastern Zimbabwe
Maravi: Kalonga Masula: Empire, Trade
Maravi: Phiri Clan, Lundu and Undi Dynasties
Maravi: Zimba “Invasions”
Mutapa State, 1450-1884
Ndongo, Kingdom of
Njinga Mbande
Nyanga Hills
Ovimbundu States
Rwanda: To 1800
Sena, Tete, Portuguese, and Prazos
Torwa, Changamire Dombo and the Rovzi
Iron Age to End of Eighteenth Century: Eastern and North Central Africa
Adal: Ibrahim, Ahmad ibn, Conflict with Ethiopia, 1526-1543
Bagirmi, Wadai and Darfur
Bantu Cultivators: Kenyan Highlands
Bourbon, Ile de France, Seychelles: Eighteenth Century
Buganda to the Nineteenth Century
Burundi to c. 1800
Central Africa, Northern: Arab Penetration, Rise of Cavalry States
Central Africa, Northern: Central Sudanic Peoples
Central Africa, Northern: Chadic Peoples
Central Africa, Northern: Islam, Pilgrimage
Central Africa, Northern: Slave Raiding
Comoros: Before 1800
Cushites: Northeastern Africa: Stone Age Origins to Iron Age
Eastern Savanna, Political Authority in
Ethiopia: c. 1550-c. 1700
Ethiopia: Aksumite Inheritance, c. 850-1150
Ethiopia: Eighteenth Century
Ethiopia: Muslim States, Awash Valley: Shoa, Ifat, Fatagar, Hadya, Dawaro, Adal, Ninth to Sixteenth Centuries
Ethiopia: Portuguese and, Sixteenth to Seventeenth Centuries
Ethiopia: Shoan Plateau, Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries
Ethiopia: Solomonid Dynasty, 1270-c. 1550
Ethiopia: Zagwe Dynasty, 1150-1270
Great Lakes Region: Cattle Herding
Great Lakes Region: Karagwe, Nkore and Buhaya
Great Lakes Region: Kitara and the Chwezi Dynasty
Great Lakes Region: Ntusi, Kibiro and Bigo
Iron Age (Later): East Africa: Cattle, Wealth, Power
Iron Age (Later): East Africa: Labor, Gender, Production
Iron Age (Later): East Africa: Salt
Iron Age (Later): East Africa: Societies, Evolution of
Iron Age (Later): East Africa: Trade
Islam: Eastern Africa
Lalibela and Ethiopian Christianity
Madagascar: Malagasy Kingdoms, Evolution of
Madagascar: Prehistory and Development to c. 1500
Mascerene Islands prior to the French
Massawa, Ethiopia and the Ottoman Empire
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Eastern Nilotes: Ateker (Karimojong)
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Maasai
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Origins, Pastoralism, Migration
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Southern Nilotes: Kalenjin, Dadog, Pokot
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Western Nilotes: Luo
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Western Nilotes: Shilluk, Nuer, Dinka, Anyuak
Oromo: Migration and Expansion: Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
Oromo: Origins, Social and Economic Organization
Sirikwa and Engaruka: Dairy Farming, Irrigation
Slavery: East Africa: Eighteenth Century
Slavery, Plantation: East Africa and the Islands
Somalia: Pastoralism, Islam, Commerce, Expansion: To 1800
Swahili: Azania to 1498
Swahili: Mombasa, Fort Jesus, the Portuguese, 1589-1698
Swahili, Portuguese and: 1498-1589
Upare, Usambara, Kilimanjaro
Iron Age to End of Eighteenth Century: North Africa
‘Abd Allah ibn Yasin: Almoravid: Sahara
‘Abd al-Mu'min: Almohad Empire, 1140-1269
Abu Madian, al-Shadhili, and the Spread of Sufism in the Maghrib
Aghlabid Amirate of Ifriqiya (800-909)
Arab Bedouin: Banu Hilal, Banu Sulaym, Banu Ma'qil (Eleventh to Fifteenth Centuries)
Barbary Corsairs and the Ottoman Provinces: Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli in the Seventeenth Century
Egypt and Africa (1000-1500)
Egypt: Arab Conquest
Egypt: Arab Empire (640-850)
Egypt: Ayyubid Dynasty, 1169-1250
Egypt: Fatimid Caliphate
Egypt: Fatimids, Later: 1073-1171
Egypt: Fatimids, Later: Army and Administration
Egypt: Fatimids, Later: World Trade
Egypt: Mamluk Dynasty (1250-1517): Army and Iqta‘ System
Egypt: Mamluk Dynasty (1250-1517): Baybars, Qalawun, Mongols, 1250-1300
Egypt: Mamluk Dynasty (1250-1517): Literature
Egypt: Mamluk Dynasty (1250-1517): Plague
Egypt: Ottoman, 1517-1798: Historical Outline
Egypt: Ottoman, 1517-1798: Mamluk Beylicate (c. 1600-1798)
Egypt: Ottoman, 1517-1798: Napoleon and the French in Egypt (1798-1801)
Egypt: Ottoman, 1517-1798: Nubia, Red Sea
Egypt: Ottoman, 1517-1798: Trade with Africa
Egypt: Tulunids and Ikhshidids, 850-969
Fatimid Empire: Maghrib, 910-1057
Funj Sultanate, Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries
Ibn Khaldun: Civilization of the Maghrib
Ibn Khaldun: History of the Berbers
Ibn Tumart, Almohad Community and
Maghrib: Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli under the Deys Husaynids and Karamanlis in the Eighteenth Century
Maghrib: Arab Conquest of, 650-715
Maghrib: European Expansion into, 1250-1550
Maghrib: Marinids, Ziyanids, and Hafsids, 1235-1359
Maghrib: Muslim Brotherhoods
Maghrib: Ottoman Conquest of Algiers, Tripoli, and Tunis
Morocco: Ahmad al-Mansur and Invasion of Songhay
Morocco: Maraboutic Crisis, Founding of the ‘Alawite Dynasty
Morocco: Mawlay Isma'il and Empire of
Morocco: Sa'adians
Morocco: Sidi Muhammad and Foundations of Essawira
Nobadia, Makurra and 'Alwa
Nubia: Banu Kanz, Juhayna, Arabization of the Nilotic Sudan
Nubia: Relations with Egypt (Seventh to Fourteenth Centuries)
Salah al-Din/Saladin
Sahara: Peoples of the Desert
Sahara: Salt: Production, Trade
Sahara: Trans-Saharan Trade
Sijilmasa, Zawila: Trans-Saharan Trade
Yusuf ibn Tashfin: Almoravid Empire: Maghrib: 1070-1147
Iron Age to End of Eighteenth Century: Western Africa
Africanus, Leo
Air, Sultanate of
Aja-Speaking Peoples: Aja, Fon, Ewe, Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Aja-Speaking Peoples: Dahomey, Rise of, Seventeenth Century
Akan and Asante: Farmers, Traders, Emergence of Akan States
Akan States: Bono, Dankyira, Wassa, Akyem, Akwamu, Fante, Fifteenth to Seventeenth Centuries
Akan States: Eighteenth Century
Allada and Slave Trade
Asante Kingdom: Osei Tutu and Founding of
Benin Empire: Oba Ewuare, Trade with the Portuguese
Benin Empire: Origins and Growth of City State
Benue Valley Peoples: Jukun and Kwarafa
Borno (Bornu), Sultanate of: Mai Idris Aloma
Borno (Bornu), Sultanate of: Origins and Rise, Fifteenth Century
Borno (Bornu), Sultanate of: Saifawa Dynasty: Horses, Slaves, Warfare
Borno (Bornu), Sultanate of, Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Carvajal, Luis del Mármól
Dahomey: Eighteenth Century
Equiano, Olaudah
Forest Peoples: Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Ivory Coast: History of to 1800
Fulbe/Fulani/Peul: Cattle Pastoralism, Migration, Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Fulbe/Fulani/Peul: Origins
Futa Jalon to 1800
Futa Toro
Futa Toro: Nineteenth Century
Ghana, Empire: Historiography of Origins
Ghana, Empire: History of
Gold: Akan Goldfields: 1400 to 1800
Gold: Production and Trade: West Africa
Hausa Polities: Origins, Rise
Hausa Polities: Urbanism, Industry, and Commerce
Hausa Polities: Warfare, Nineteenth Century
Ibn Battuta, Mali Empire and
Ife, Oyo, Yoruba, Ancient: Kingship and Art
Igbo and Igala
Kanem: Decline, Merge with Borno (c. 1400)
Kanem: Origins and Growth (Sixth to Tenth Centuries)
Kanem: Slavery and Trans-Saharan Trade
Literacy and Indigenous Scripts: Precolonial West Africa al-Maghili
Mai Dunama Dibalami
Mali Empire: Decline, Fifteenth Century
Mali Empire: Economy
Mali Empire, Sundiata and Origins of
Mandinka States of the Gambia
Mane: Migrations, Sixteenth Century, History of
Mansa Musa, Mali Empire and
Massassi and the Kaarta State
Niger Delta and its Hinterland: History to Sixteenth Century
Niger Delta and its Hinterland: Peoples and States to 1800
Portugal: Exploration and Trade in the Fifteenth Century
Religion: Indigenous Beliefs: Sub-Saharan Africa
Religion: Islam, Growth of: Western Africa
Rumfa, Muhammad
São Tomé and Principe to 1800
Slavery: Trans-Saharan Trade
Slavery in African Society
Segu: Origins and Growth of a Bamana Kingdom
Slavery, Atlantic Basin in the Era of
Slavery: Atlantic Trade: Abolition: Philanthropy or Economics?
Slavery: Atlantic Trade: Effects in Africa and the Americas
Slavery: Atlantic Trade: Opposition, African
Slavery: Atlantic Trade: Transatlantic Passage
Slavery: Mediterranean, Red Sea, Indian Ocean
Songhay Empire, Gao and Origins of
Songhay Empire: Moroccan Invasion, 1591
Songhay Empire: Sonni Ali and the Founding of Empire
Songhay Empire: Ture, Muhammad and the Askiya dynasty
Tuareg: Takedda and Trans-Saharan Trade
Tuareg: Traders, Raiders, and the Empires of Mali and Songhay
Wolof and Jolof Empire
Yoruba States (Other Than Ife and Oyo)
Yoruba States: Oyo
Yoruba-Speaking Peoples