Skip to main content

banner

Citation Style Guide: Using APA citation style

Easy to follow examples and links to further information about MLA, APA, Chicago and other citation styles

APA Quick Guide

Find the book--the APA manual

What is a DOI?

What is a DOI?

A Digital Object Identifier or DOI is an  unique code that is used to identify materials that exist in an online environment.  They are very similiar to the ISBN codes that are used to identify books and magazines.  By using this code, students, scholars, editors and librarians can locate an online article even if it it's URL (web address) changes over time. The DOI for an article will never change, providing a permanent way to identify articles online.

The location of a DOI will be slightly different for each publication.  Many articles, particularly older works, may not have DOI. Look for the DOI letters followed by an alphanumeric sequence that begins with the number 10. They are usually at the top of an article, nearby or long with the other citation information.

Examples:

10.1000/186

10.1016/j.iheduc.2003.11.004

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2012.05.005

PsycINFO provides APA formating

When researching an article in PsycINFO (and other databases), link to the article citation:

Need Help?

APA Style citation online guides

Formatting APA papers in Word

How to format a paper using Word 2007/APA, vidcasts

Citation Generator Websites

Knight Cite

KnightCite is an online citation generator service provided by the Hekman Library of Calvin College.

Son of Citation Machine

Citation machine helps students and professional researchers to properly credit the information that they use.

APA Exposed online tutorial